Home / Ground Beetles (Carabidae) / Violet Ground Beetle (Carabus violaceus)

Violet Ground Beetle (Carabus violaceus)

The violet ground beetle is a member of the family of ground beetles. Like all other ground beetles, these are predators and are beneficial to farmers, hunting several pests to many crops. Their name is a result of their shiny violet coloration.

Violet Ground Beetle

Scientific Classification

  • Family: Carabidae
  • Genus: Carabus
  • Scientific name: Carabus violaceus

Physical Description and Identification

Adult

Size: 20–30 mm

Color: It has a non-shiny violet black color, with indigo edges around its elytra and thorax.

Other Characteristic Features: Its elytra and thorax appear oval and smooth.

Carabus violaceus

Larva

The larva is black, with an elongated appearance and soft body, alongside three pairs of legs. They are  capable of predation right after hatching.

Violet Ground Beetle Larvae

Pupa

After becoming fully mature, the larvae begin to pupate.

Egg

The eggs are laid in moist soil.

Quick Facts

Other namesRain beetle
Lifespan3-4 years
DistributionEurope and Japan
HabitatForests, gardens, and parks
PredatorsOwls, foxes, frogs
Diet of adults and larvaeWorms, slugs, insects, and snails

Identifying the Damage Caused by Them

Like most other ground beetle species, the violet ground beetle does not damage plants or lawn grasses. However, they could become a nuisance upon entering homes, especially from middle to late summer, when they are in season. However, they do not cause structural damage or harm to humans.

Did You Know

  • Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus first described this beetle in 1758
  • These nocturnal beetles are extremely fast, actively chasing their prey.
Violet Ground Beetle Image
Violet Ground Beetle Picture

Image Source: warehouse1.indicia.org.uk, candidegardening.com, everythingnothuman.com, i.guim.co.uk

The violet ground beetle is a member of the family of ground beetles. Like all other ground beetles, these are predators and are beneficial to farmers, hunting several pests to many crops. Their name is a result of their shiny violet coloration.

Violet Ground Beetle

Physical Description and Identification

Adult

Size: 20–30 mm

Color: It has a non-shiny violet black color, with indigo edges around its elytra and thorax.

Other Characteristic Features: Its elytra and thorax appear oval and smooth.

Carabus violaceus

Larva

The larva is black, with an elongated appearance and soft body, alongside three pairs of legs. They are  capable of predation right after hatching.

Violet Ground Beetle Larvae

Pupa

After becoming fully mature, the larvae begin to pupate.

Egg

The eggs are laid in moist soil.

Quick Facts

Other namesRain beetle
Lifespan3-4 years
DistributionEurope and Japan
HabitatForests, gardens, and parks
PredatorsOwls, foxes, frogs
Diet of adults and larvaeWorms, slugs, insects, and snails

Identifying the Damage Caused by Them

Like most other ground beetle species, the violet ground beetle does not damage plants or lawn grasses. However, they could become a nuisance upon entering homes, especially from middle to late summer, when they are in season. However, they do not cause structural damage or harm to humans.

Did You Know

  • Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus first described this beetle in 1758
  • These nocturnal beetles are extremely fast, actively chasing their prey.
Violet Ground Beetle Image
Violet Ground Beetle Picture

Image Source: warehouse1.indicia.org.uk, candidegardening.com, everythingnothuman.com, i.guim.co.uk

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