Ladybird Beetles (Ladybug/Coccinellidae)

Ladybird beetles are a family of beetles containing over 6000 species. French zoologist Pierre André Latreille first described this family of beetles in 1807.

Common Beetles Belonging to this Family

Scientific Classification

These beetles are separated into seven subfamilies, divided into several tribes consisting of 360 genera.

1. Chilocorinae

Chilocorini

  • Anisorcus
  • Arawana
  • Axion
  • Brumoides
  • Brumus
  • Chapinaria
  • Chilocorus
  • Cladis
  • Curinus
  • Egius
  • Endochilus
  • Exochomus
  • Halmus
  • Harpasus
  • Orcus
  • Phaenochilus
  • Priscibrumus
  • Sicardiana
  • Simmondsius
  • Trichorcus
  • Xanthocorus
  • Zagreus

Platynaspidini

  • Boschalis
  • Crypticolus
  • Phymatosternus
  • Platynaspidius
  • Platynaspis

Telsimiini

  • Hypocyrema
  • Telsimia

2. Coccidulinae

Azyini

  • Azya
  • Pseudoazya

Coccidulini

  • Adoxellus
  • Auladoria
  • Botynella
  • Bucolinus
  • Bucolus
  • Bura
  • Coccidula
  • Cranoryssus
  • Cryptolaemus
  • Empia
  • Erithionyx
  • Epipleuria
  • Eupalea
  • Eupaleoides
  • Geodimmockius
  • Hazisia
  • Hypoceras
  • Microrhizobius
  • Nothocolus
  • Nothorhyzobius
  • Orbipressus
  • Orynipus
  • Paracranoryssus
  • Psorolyma
  • Rhyzobius
  • Rodatus
  • Scymnodes
  • Stenadalia
  • Stenococcus
  • Syntona

Cranophorini

  • Cranophorus
  • Hoangus

Exoplectrini

  • Ambrocharis
  • Anisorhizobius
  • Aulis
  • Chapinula
  • Chnoodes
  • Coeliaria
  • Cyrtaulis
  • Dioria
  • Exoplectra
  • Gordonita
  • Incurvus
  • Neorhizobius
  • Neoryssomus
  • Novaulis
  • Oridia
  • Peralda
  • Rhizoryssomus
  • Sicardinus
  • Sidonis
  • Siola
  • Sumnius

Lithophilini

  • Lithophilus

Monocorynini

  • Mimolithophilus
  • Monocoryna

Oryssomini

  • Oryssomus
  • Pseudoryssomus

Poriini

  • Poria

3. Coccinellinae

Coccinellini

  • Aaages
  • Adalia
  • Aiolocaria
  • Alloneda
  • Anatis
  • Anisolemnia
  • Anisosticta
  • Antineda
  • Anegleis
  • Aphidecta
  • Archegleis
  • Australoneda
  • Autotela
  • Bothrocalvia
  • Callicaria
  • Calvia
  • Cheilomenes
  • Chelonitis
  • Chloroneda
  • Cirocolla
  • Cleobora
  • Clynis
  • Coccinella
  • Coccinula
  • Coelophora
  • Coleomegilla
  • Cycloneda
  • Declivitata
  • Docimocaria
  • Dysis
  • Egleis
  • Eoadalia
  • Eoanemia
  • Eriopis
  • Erythroneda
  • Eumegilla
  • Harmonia
  • Heterocaria
  • Heteroneda
  • Hippodamia
  • Hysia
  • Illeis
  • Lemnia
  • Lioadalia
  • Macronaemia
  • Megalocaria
  • Megillina
  • Micraspis
  • Microcaria
  • Microneda
  • Mononeda
  • Mulsantina
  • Myrrha
  • Myzia
  • Naemia
  • Neda
  • Nedina
  • Neocalvia
  • Neoharmonia
  • Nesis
  • Oenopia
  • Oiocaria
  • Olla
  • Oxytella
  • Palaeoneda
  • Paranaemia
  • Phrynolemnia
  • Procula
  • Propylea
  • Pseudadonia
  • Pseudoenopia
  • Sospita
  • Sphaeroneda
  • Spiloneda
  • Synona
  • Synonycha
  • Xanthadalia

Discotomini

  • Discotoma
  • Euseladia
  • Pristonema
  • Seladia
  • Vodella

Halyziini

  • Eothea
  • Halyzia
  • Macroilleis
  • Metamyrrha
  • Neohalyzia
  • Oxytella
  • Protothea
  • Psyllobora
  • Vibidia

Singhikalini

  • Singhikalia

Tytthaspidini

  • Bulaea
  • Isora
  • Tytthaspis

4. Epilachninae

Epilachnini

  • Adira
  • Afidenta
  • Afidentula
  • Afissa
  • Afissula
  • Afilachna
  • Chazeauiana
  • Chnootriba
  • Diekeana
  • Epilachna
  • Henosepilachna
  • Macrolasia
  • Papuaepilachna
  • Solanophila
  • Subafissa
  • Subcoccinella
  • Toxotoma
  • Uniparodentata

Epivertini

  • Epiverta

Eremochilini

  • Eremochilus

Madaini

  • Cynegetis
  • Damatula
  • Figura
  • Lorma
  • Mada
  • Malata
  • Megatela
  • Merma
  • Pseudodira
  • Tropha

5. Ortaliinae

Noviini

  • Novius

Ortaliini

  • Amida
  • Amidellus
  • Anortalia
  • Azoria
  • Elnidortalia
  • Ortalia
  • Ortalistes
  • Paramida
  • Rhynchortalia
  • Scymnhova
  • Zenoria

6. Scymninae

Aspidimerini

  • Acarinus
  • Aspidimerus
  • Cryptogonus
  • Pseudaspidimerus

Brachiacanthadini

  • Brachiacantha
  • Cyra
  • Hinda

Cryptognathini

  • Cryptognatha

Diomini

  • Andrzej
  • Decadiomus
  • Dichaina
  • Diomus
  • Heterodiomus
  • Moiradiomus

Hyperaspidini

  • Blaisdelliana
  • Corystes
  • Erratodiomus
  • Helesius
  • Hyperaspidius
  • Hyperaspis
  • Magnodiomus
  • Mimoscymnus
  • Planorbata
  • Thalassa
  • Tiphysa

Pentiliini

  • Calloeneis
  • Curticornis
  • Pentilia

Scymnini

  • Acoccidula
  • Aponephus
  • Apseudoscymnus
  • Axinoscymnus
  • Clitostethus
  • Cycloscymnus
  • Cyrema
  • Depressoscymnus
  • Didion
  • Geminosipho
  • Horniolus
  • Keiscymnus
  • Leptoscymnus
  • Midus
  • Nephus
  • Parascymnus
  • Parasidis
  • Propiptus
  • Sasajiscymnus
  • Scymniscus
  • Scymnobius
  • Scymnomorpha
  • Scymnus
  • Sidis
  • Veronicobius

Scymnillini

  • Viridigloba
  • Zagloba
  • Zilus

Selvadiini

  • Selvadius

Stethorini

  • Stethorus
  • Parastethorus

7. Sticholotidinae

Argentipilosini

  • Argentipilosa

Carinodulini

  • Aneaporia
  • Cephaloscymnus
  • Neaporia
  • Prodilis
  • Prodiloides

Limnichopharini

  • Limnichopharus

Microweiseini

  • Coccidophilus
  • Cryptoweisea
  • Dichaina
  • Diloponis
  • Gnathoweisea
  • Microcapillata
  • Microfreudea
  • Microweisea
  • Nipus
  • Pseudosmilia
  • Sarapidus
  • Stictospilus

Plotinini

  • Ballida
  • Buprestodera
  • Catanaplotina
  • Haemoplotina
  • Paraplotina
  • Plotina
  • Protoplotina
  • Sphaeroplotina

Serangiini

  • Catana
  • Catanella
  • Delphastus
  • Microserangium
  • Serangiella
  • Serangium

Shirozuellini

  • Ghanius
  • Medamatento
  • Promecopharus
  • Sasajiella
  • Shirozuella

Sticholotidini

  • Boschalis
  • Bucolellus
  • Chilocorellus
  • Coelolotis
  • Coelopterus
  • Filipinolotis
  • Glomerella
  • Habrolotis
  • Hemipharus
  • Jauravia
  • Lenasa
  • Lotis
  • Mimoserangium
  • Neaptera
  • Nelasa
  • Neojauravia
  • Neotina
  • Nesina
  • Nesolotis
  • Nexophallus
  • Paracoelopterus
  • Parajauravia
  • Paranelasa
  • Paranesolotis
  • Parinesa
  • Pharopsis
  • Pharoscymnus
  • Phlyctenolotis
  • Semiviride
  • Sticholotis
  • Stictobura
  • Sulcolotis
  • Synonychimorpha
  • Trimallena
  • Xamerpillus
  • Xanthorcus
  • Xestolotis

Sukunahikonini

  • Hikonasukuna
  • Orculus
  • Paraphellus

Physical Description and Identification

Adult

Size: 0.03125-0.71875 in (0.08-1.83 cm)

Color:These beetles are either red, yellow, or orange, with black spots on their elytra. The legs, antennae, and heads are black.

Other Characteristic Features: Their bodies are dome-shaped, similar to an ellipse.

Larva

The larva looks like a dark, tiny alligator, going through four instars before undergoing pupation.

Pupa

Pupae are orange with black spots.

Egg

The eggs are orangish-yellow.

Quick Facts

Other names Ladybugs, ladybirds, lady beetles
Lifespan 1 year
Distribution Worldwide
Habitat Cities, forests, grasslands, suburbs, etc
Predators Primarily birds, but also dragonflies, flies, spiders, and parasitoid wasps
Seasons active Spring to fall
Host Plants Blue cohosh, thistle, geraniums, etc
Diet of adults Aphids, fruit flies, mites, and other insects

Identifying the Damage Caused by Them

They are not harmful and bite humans only when their primary food sources run out, and they search for new ones.

The only exceptions to this are those of the subfamily Epilachninae, which can attack the leaves of plants like beans, grains, potatoes, etc.

Did You Know

  • Ladybirds are beneficial as they feed on pests like aphids and scale insects.

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